Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangaria/misc
(Various families in series Carangaria) > Toxotidae
Etymology: Toxotes: Greek, toxotes = bowman (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Weber.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 24°C - 32°C (Ref. 2060); 7°S - 19°S
Oceania: south-central New Guinea and Australia. Asia: Indonesia (Ref. 2847).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits small streams and swamps, usually with abundant overhanging vegetation. Breeds in the early wet season, as small juveniles have been recorded in the late wet (Ref. 44894). A rare species.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1989. Freshwater fishes of Australia. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey. (Ref. 5259)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00620 - 0.04241), b=3.00 (2.77 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .