Teleostei (teleosts) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Grammatidae
Etymology: Gramma: Greek, gramma, atos = signal, mark (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Böhlke & Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 180 m (Ref. 85755), usually 20 - 60 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 22°C - 27°C (Ref. 27115)
Western Central Atlantic: West Indies including the Bahamas and Central America.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
A solitary species (Ref. 26340) found on nearly vertical cliffs and drop-offs beyond outer reefs. Often upside-down. Retreats into recesses when alarmed (Ref. 9710). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35420). Most common in water more than 30 m deep. Gradually replaces G. loreto at depths of 15-30 m (Ref. 26938).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion