Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Odontoscion: Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, skion, skiaina = barbel, red mullet (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 22°N - 25°S, 92°W - 36°W (Ref. 56868)
Western Atlantic: Florida, USA and Cuba to Brazil. Absent in the Bahamas.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26340); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3702); max. published weight: 13.70 g (Ref. 118626)
(total): 11 - 14;
(total): 22-25. No barbels; brownish silver with dark dots on scales; a large black spot at base and axil of pectoral fins (Ref. 13442).
Inhabits caves and crevices or among corals (Ref. 9710). Solitary or in groups (Ref. 9710). Feeds at night mainly on shrimps and small fishes (Ref. 9710), and their larvae (Ref. 13442). Secretive and wary (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 26.7 - 28.2, mean 27.6 °C (based on 568 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00427 - 0.01777), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 67.6 [34.6, 114.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.739 [0.357, 1.217] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [18.1, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.13 [0.07, 0.21] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.2 [16.9, 54.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 123 [40, 398] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.2 [0.8, 1.7] mg/100g (wet weight);