Teleostei (teleosts) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Distichodontidae
Etymology: Xenocharax: Greek, xenos = strange + Greek, charax = a marine fish without identification (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical
Africa: coastal river basins of the Republic of Congo, Gabon and Cameroon (Ref. 81638, 114931). Reports from the Congo River basin (Ref. 4910, 45441, 46233, 80287, 81638) refer to Xenocharax crassus (Ref. 114931).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7094)
soft rays: 13 - 17. Diagnosis: two rows of teeth in upper jaw and 3 in lower jaw; completely pored lateral line with 63-75 lateral line scales; total of 19-24 rays in dorsal fin and 13-17 rays in anal fin; 13-16 scales between dorsal fin origin and lateral line (Ref. 81638).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Daget, J. and J.-P. Gosse, 1984. Distichodontidae. p. 184-211. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 7094)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00599 - 0.03330), b=3.00 (2.80 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 146 [61, 371] mg/100g; Iron = 2.15 [1.07, 5.55] mg/100g; Protein = 19.5 [17.3, 21.8] %; Omega3 = 0.67 [0.25, 1.85] g/100g; Selenium = 55.4 [20.0, 173.9] μg/100g; VitaminA = 37.1 [12.5, 113.0] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.65 [1.12, 2.49] mg/100g (wet weight);