Teleostei (teleosts) > Acanthuriformes
(Surgeonfishes) > Pomacanthidae
Etymology: Pomacanthus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 25 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden to Natal, South Africa and including Seychelles, Comoros and Madagascar.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573)
Inhabits coral-rich reefs (Ref. 9710). Seldom seen in the aquarium trade.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Vol. 2. 3rd edit. in English. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. (Ref. 4858)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 26 - 28.9, mean 27.5 °C (based on 532 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03236 (0.01300 - 0.08052), b=2.89 (2.71 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 47.4 [23.6, 81.0] mg/100g; Iron = 0.533 [0.319, 0.886] mg/100g; Protein = 18.2 [16.9, 19.4] %; Omega3 = 0.0874 [, ] g/100g; Selenium = 28.9 [15.3, 54.9] μg/100g; VitaminA = 67.9 [16.2, 255.7] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.43 [0.98, 2.07] mg/100g (wet weight);