Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 12 - 60 m (Ref. 9710). Temperate
Pacific Ocean: southern and central Japan (Ref. 4858) and the northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Midway and Kure).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4858)
Inhabits rocky and coral reefs (Ref. 9710). Oviparous (Ref. 240), monogamous (Ref. 52884).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Length at sex-change = 12.7 cm TL (Ref. 55367). Sex reversal is completed in 20-39 days (Ref. 34252). Monandric species (Ref. 55367). Distinct pairing (Ref. 240). Monogamous mating is observed as both facultative and social (Ref. 52884). Also Ref. 103751.
Allen, G.R., 1985. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Vol. 2. 3rd edit. in English. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. (Ref. 4858)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion