Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 86997), usually 0 - 2 m (Ref. 40849). Tropical; 28°N - 15°S, 78°W - 14°W
Western Atlantic: West Indies to Brazil. Southeast Atlantic: Ascension Island.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 23 - ? cm
Max length : 34.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116955)
Inhabit coastal waters (Ref. 5217). Adults are found in shallow depth near sand; juveniles often in rockpools (Ref. 86997). Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Thomson, J.M., 1978. Mugilidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Central Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). Vol. 3. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3791)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion