Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes
(Dories) > Cyttidae
Etymology: Cyttus: Greek, kyttaros, kytos = a convex cavity.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 200 - 978 m (Ref. 50308). Deep-water; 18°S - 55°S, 5°W - 173°W
Southeast Atlantic: Walvis Ridge and from off Cape Town to Algoa Bay in South Africa. Indo-West Pacific: south coast of Australia and New Zealand.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 21.6  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 54.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563); common length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9258)
Occurs in offshore waters (Ref. 9258). Juveniles pelagic in surface waters (Ref. 9563).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C., 1986. Zeidae. p. 435-438. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4253)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.9 - 12.8, mean 8.3 °C (based on 194 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00850 - 0.04682), b=3.00 (2.79 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.87 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (tm=5.2-6.3; Tmax=38; K=0.04-0.07).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (65 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 17.3 [8.9, 39.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.299 [0.177, 0.548] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.8 [15.3, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.368 [0.193, 0.726] g/100g ; Selenium = 17.6 [7.6, 37.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 20.3 [4.4, 87.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.31 [0.21, 0.47] mg/100g (wet weight);