Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Chalceidae
Etymology: Chalceus: Greek, chalkos = copper, brass (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 23°C - 28°C (Ref. 13371)
South America: Negro and Orinoco River basins and coastal rivers in Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38376)
Is very active and is always moving. Frequently found in well oxygenated waters (Ref. 12225). Occurs mainly near the surface and at times jumps out of the water. Feeds on worms, insect larvae and small fishes (Ref. 7020).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, C. Moreira et al. …, 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38376)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00217 - 0.01330), b=3.17 (2.95 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.47 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .