Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Galaxiiformes
(Southern smelts) > Galaxiidae
(Galaxiids) > Galaxiinae
Etymology: Galaxias: Greek, galaxias, ou = a kind of fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Klunzinger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 10°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060); 33°S - 36°S
Oceania: Murray River and tributaries in South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales, Australia. Has also been reported from several major tributaries of the eastern Murray system including Lachlan, Murrumbidgee, Loddon, Goulburn, Ovens and Mitta Mitta Rivers.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894); common length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5259)
Inhabits stream margins over rock or sand bottoms, sometimes among aquatic vegetation. Still or gently flowing water on the margins of lakes, billabongs and streams. Usually swims in midwater over rock or sand bottoms, also in the vicinity of aquatic plants. Shoal forming (Ref. 44894). Feeds on a wide range of aquatic insects and crustaceans. Spawning has been recorded between August and September (Ref. 44894). Each spawning female releases 3,000-7,000 eggs which are slightly adhesive and settle to the bottom. Hatching in nine days at 9-14°C; newly hatched fry are 6-7 mm long.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1989. Freshwater fishes of Australia. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey. (Ref. 5259)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .