Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Pempheridae
Etymology: Pempheris: Greek, pempheris = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 25 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 26°N - 32°S, 92°E - 170°W
Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea and western Pacific (unpublished data). Not in Mediterranean: Previous reports of Pempheris vanicolensis in the Mediterranean were misidentifications for Pempheris mangula (Ref. 95675).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2272)
soft rays: 31 - 43. Usually with greenish shine over the back and most of the head. Anal fin with distinctly black margin, black dorsal fin tip, and pectoral fins yellow without black basal spot (Ref. 48636). Body depth 2.2-2.4 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Inhabits shallow rocky and coral reefs (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kailola, P.J., 1987. The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. II Scorpaenidae to Callionymidae. Research Bulletin No. 41, Research Section, Dept. of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Papua New Guinea. (Ref. 6192)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.3 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2257 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00704 - 0.02359), b=3.01 (2.84 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.47 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 72.4 [45.0, 113.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.653 [0.426, 1.067] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [18, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.143 [0.094, 0.216] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.1 [15.5, 50.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 72.8 [24.2, 215.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.26 [0.86, 1.82] mg/100g (wet weight);