Teleostei (teleosts) > Carangaria/misc
(Various families in series Carangaria) > Centropomidae
Etymology: Centropomus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 26°N - 24°S, 98°W - 33°W
Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA), Mexico, and the West Indies to Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 56.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 1.5 kg (Ref. 5217)
Inhabits coastal waters, estuaries and lagoons, penetrating into freshwater; usually prefers very low brackish water or freshwater (Ref. 3713). Feeds on fish and crustaceans (Ref. 36880). Marketed fresh (Ref. 3713).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25.9 - 28, mean 27.3 °C (based on 176 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00575 - 0.01260), b=2.99 (2.87 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.67 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 61.4 [34.4, 120.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.883 [0.544, 1.444] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.6 [17.3, 21.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.384 [0.176, 0.854] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.8 [12.6, 44.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.9 [4.3, 33.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.81 [0.58, 1.15] mg/100g (wet weight);