Growth parameters for Clupea harengus
 
Maximum Length 45cm SL
n = 124
Note that studies where Loo is very different (+/- 1/3) from Lmax are doubtful.
Lm vs Linf graph [n = 27]
Reproductive graph [n = 13]
M vs K graph [n = 16]
M vs Linf graph [n = 16]
Longevity vs 3/K graph [n = 29]
ø = 2.45
L inf = 31.0 cm TL
K = 0.3
Median record no. 63
312Ref. 312
Loo
(cm)
Length Type K
(1/y)
to
(years)
Sex M
(1/y)
Temp° C Lm Ø' Country Locality Questionable Captive
17.0 TL 0.666 3.1 2.28 Latvia Baltic, Gulf of Riga Yes No
17.7 TL 0.480 -1.50 9.0 2.18 Russia eastern Gulf of Finland No No
19.4 TL 0.400 0.35 8.0 2.18 Sweden Northern Baltic Yes No
19.7 TL 0.450 -1.17 9.0 2.24 Estonia western Gulf of Finland No No
21.0 TL 0.380 -1.16 3.1 2.22 Finland Bothnian Bay (Baltic Sea) Yes No
21.0 TL 0.296 4.0 2.12 Russia `lesser White Sea herring' Yes No
21.0 TL 0.650 0.78 6.0 2.46 Norway Lusterfjord Yes No
21.1 TL 0.760 3.1 2.53 Finland Gulf of Bothnia, near the town of Pietarsaari Yes No
21.1 TL 0.340 -1.10 3.1 2.18 Finland Bothnian Bay (Baltic Sea) Yes No
21.6 TL 0.200 -3.05 9.0 1.97 Estonia Gulf of Riga No No
22.1 TL 0.493 6.0 2.38 Denmark Baltic, Bornholm Deep Yes No
23.6 TL 0.381 6.0 2.33 Denmark Baltic, Bornholm Deep No No
23.6 TL 0.221 -2.53 3.1 2.09 Finland Gulf of Finland (Baltic Sea) No No
23.7 TL 0.218 -2.25 3.1 2.09 Finland Archipelago Sea, Åland Sea, Northern Baltic proper No No
23.9 TL 0.295 -1.67 8.0 2.23 Poland Baltic, Gulf of Gdansk No No
24.4 TL 0.350 -2.30 8.0 2.32 Poland Baltic, Gulf of Gdansk No No
24.5 TL 0.244 -1.68 8.0 2.17 Poland Baltic, Gulf of Gdansk No No
24.7 TL 0.273 -1.01 8.0 2.22 Poland Baltic, Gulf of Gdansk No No
24.8 TL 0.230 -2.33 9.0 2.15 Estonia NE Baltic, west of Hiiumaa and Saaremaa Is No No
25.0 TL 0.200 2.10 Baltic, ICES subdiv. 25-29 Yes No
25.3 TL 0.381 4.0 2.39 Russia `large White Sea herring' No No
25.6 TL 0.930 2.78 Germany Kieler Förde No No
26.0 TL 0.434 -1.43 0.40 6.0 2.47 Denmark Baltic, Bornholm Deep No No
27.7 TL 0.480 0.36 9.0 2.57 Germany Southern Baltic No No
27.9 TL 0.620 8.0 2.68 Germany Kiel Bight, Baltic No No
28.2 TL 0.378 9.0 2.48 UK Engld Wal East Anglia No No
28.3 TL 0.410 9.0 2.52 Germany Western Baltic No No
28.3 TL 0.292 0.29 4.0 2.37 Russia Murman Herring (72°N 35°E) No No
28.4 TL 0.361 9.0 2.46 UK Engld Wal East Anglia No No
28.6 TL 0.740 0.05 2.78 UK North Sea Yes No
28.7 TL 0.630 8.0 2.72 Germany Kiel Bight, Baltic No No
29.0 TL 0.660 13.0 22.6 2.74 Ireland Irish Sea No No
29.1 TL 0.307 9.0 2.41 UK Engld Wal East Anglia No No
29.2 TL 0.480 10.6 24.5 2.61 UK Engld Wal Downs stock No No
29.3 TL 0.264 0.17 9.0 2.36 UK Engld Wal East Anglia No No
29.3 TL 0.500 -1.48 11.0 2.63 Ireland Irish Sea No No
29.4 TL 0.234 9.0 2.31 UK Engld Wal East Anglia No No
29.5 TL 0.290 0.18 9.0 2.40 UK Engld Wal East Anglia No No
29.5 TL 0.390 0.20 12.0 2.53 Ireland Irish Sea (Dunmore Stock) Yes No
29.6 TL 0.350 -1.63 10.3 23.7 2.49 UK Manx stock No No
29.7 SL 0.275 -1.97 8.2 2.38 Germany Western Baltic, around Rügen No No
29.9 TL 0.375 9.0 2.53 UK Engld Wal East Anglia No No
30.0 0.330 -0.88 22.1 2.47 Western Baltic Sea, Sub-divisions 22-24 and Division IIIa (spring spawners) No No
30.0 TL 0.330 -0.88 22.1 2.47 Western Baltic Sea, Sub-divisions 22-24 and Division IIIa No No
30.0 TL 0.380 0.25 11.0 24.0 2.53 UK `North Sea' Yes No
30.0 SL 0.330 9.0 25.7 2.47 UK Banks/Dogger stock No No
30.1 TL 0.590 0.04 2.73 UK North Sea No No
30.1 TL 0.340 -2.94 13.1 2.49 Ireland Celtic Sea No No
30.2 TL 0.267 0.15 9.0 2.39 UK Engld Wal East Anglia No No
30.3 TL 0.222 0.13 9.0 2.31 UK Engld Wal East Anglia No No
30.3 TL 0.580 0.13 2.73 UK North Sea Yes No
30.3 TL 0.340 -2.45 9.0 2.49 UK Engld Wal Celtic Sea No No
30.3 TL 0.440 13.0 22.1 2.61 Ireland Celtic Sea No No
30.4 TL 0.313 9.0 2.46 UK Engld Wal East Anglia No No
30.5 TL 0.440 -0.69 2.61 UK North Sea No No
30.6 TL 0.420 -0.28 10.0 2.59 UK Scotland Buchan Herring No No
30.6 TL 0.320 -0.32 10.3 2.48 UK Manx stock No No
30.6 TL 0.690 -0.58 10.9 2.81 UK Scotland Northwest of Scotland No No
30.7 TL 0.300 -1.84 9.5 2.45 UK Scotland Buchan Herring No No
30.8 TL 0.332 -1.66 8.2 2.50 Germany Western Baltic, around Rügen No No
30.9 TL 0.410 -0.55 2.59 UK North Sea No No
31.0 TL 0.239 0.18 9.0 2.36 UK Engld Wal East Anglia No No
31.0 TL 0.296 9.0 2.45 UK Engld Wal East Anglia No No
31.1 TL 0.280 -2.87 9.1 2.43 UK Scotland Buchan Herring No No
31.1 TL 0.300 8.8 27.5 2.46 UK Scotland Buchan stock No No
31.2 TL 0.440 -1.27 0.16 11.4 23.8 2.63 Ireland Dunmore stock No No
31.3 TL 0.370 -2.61 12.1 2.56 UK No Ireld Northwest of Ireland and south of Scotland No No
31.5 TL 0.430 -0.84 9.1 2.63 UK Scotland Buchan Herring No No
31.5 TL 0.400 -0.49 2.60 UK North Sea No No
31.6 TL 0.264 0.26 9.0 22.0 2.42 UK Engld Wal East Anglia No No
31.9 TL 0.360 -0.49 2.56 UK North Sea No No
32.0 TL 0.300 2.49 Baltic, ICES subdiv. 25-29 No No
32.1 TL 0.310 -2.24 9.6 2.50 UK Scotland Buchan Herring No No
32.1 TL 0.410 -0.48 2.63 UK North Sea No No
32.2 TL 0.470 -0.43 2.69 UK North Sea No No
32.4 TL 0.380 -0.64 2.60 UK North Sea No No
32.4 TL 0.400 -0.65 2.62 UK North Sea No No
32.5 TL 0.330 -0.33 6.2 2.54 Norway Norwegian spring spawning herring No No
32.6 TL 0.260 -1.22 2.44 UK North Sea No No
32.7 TL 0.420 -0.81 10.1 2.65 UK Scotland Buchan Herring No No
32.7 TL 0.480 -0.22 9.8 2.71 UK Scotland Buchan Herring No No
32.7 TL 0.260 -1.40 2.44 UK North Sea No No
32.8 TL 0.310 -1.02 2.52 UK North Sea No No
32.9 TL 0.280 -1.60 9.7 2.48 UK Scotland Buchan Herring No No
32.9 TL 0.320 -1.30 10.1 2.54 UK Scotland Buchan Herring No No
33.1 TL 0.460 -0.86 10.5 2.70 UK North Sea No No
33.3 TL 0.290 -1.60 9.6 2.51 UK Scotland Buchan Herring No No
33.5 TL 0.330 10.0 2.57 Canada Gulf of St. Lawrence No No
33.6 TL 0.230 -1.80 2.41 UK North Sea No No
33.6 TL 0.330 -0.94 2.57 UK North Sea No No
33.7 TL 0.370 -0.51 2.62 UK North Sea No No
33.7 TL 0.380 -0.42 2.64 UK North Sea No No
33.7 TL 0.320 -0.55 11.2 2.56 USA Gulf of Maine and Georges Bank No No
33.8 TL 0.390 -0.45 2.65 UK North Sea No No
34.0 TL 0.270 0.13 6.0 28.0 2.49 Norway Norwegian Sea No No
34.0 TL 0.360 10.0 25.0 2.62 Canada New Brunswick No No
34.2 TL 0.310 -0.67 6.0 2.56 East of Newfoundland fall spawners No No
34.8 TL 0.410 9.5 27.0 2.70 UK Scotland Clyde stock Yes No
35.0 TL 0.190 -2.28 2.37 UK North Sea Yes No
35.1 TL 0.160 -4.87 9.0 2.29 UK Scotland Buchan Herring No No
35.2 TL 0.280 8.0 30.0 2.54 Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence spring spawners No No
35.3 TL 0.300 -1.06 6.0 2.57 East of Newfoundland spring spawners No No
35.6 TL 0.320 0.39 6.5 2.61 Nova Scotia and Bay of Fundy No No
35.6 TL 0.220 -2.75 6.0 2.45 Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence spring spawners No No
35.7 TL 0.340 -0.83 26.5 2.64 Norway west coast No No
35.9 0.348 -0.45 24.1 2.65 North Sea, Sub-area IV, Divisions VIId & IIIa (autumn-spawners) No No
35.9 TL 0.348 -0.45 24.1 2.65 North Sea Sub-area IV, Divisions VIId and IIIa No No
36.0 TL 0.210 0.16 8.0 28.5 2.43 Norway Atlanto-Scandian No No
36.2 TL 0.300 -1.00 2.59 Iceland Icelandic summer-spawning herring (Division Va) No No
36.3 TL 0.270 -1.26 6.4 2.55 Iceland Iceland summer spawners No No
36.4 TL 0.310 -0.83 28.0 2.61 Norway west coast No No
36.4 TL 0.260 8.0 32.5 2.54 Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence autumn spawners Yes No
36.5 TL 0.140 -3.98 2.27 UK North Sea Yes No
36.7 TL 0.275 -0.83 29.5 2.57 Norway west coast No No
37.0 TL 0.260 0.16 8.2 31.2 2.55 Norway Norwegian stock (spring spawner) Yes No
37.1 TL 0.255 -0.83 30.5 2.55 Norway west coast No No
37.3 TL 0.230 -0.83 31.2 2.51 Norway west coast No No
37.5 TL 0.205 -0.83 31.4 2.46 Norway west coast No No
37.7 TL 0.250 -2.00 4.7 2.55 West of Newfoundland spring spawners No No
38.0 TL 0.185 -0.83 32.3 2.43 Norway west coast No No
38.0 TL 0.250 -1.20 2.56 Iceland Icelandic spring-spawning herring (Division Va) No No
38.4 TL 0.130 -4.01 2.28 Germany Baltic Sea (Spring spawner) No No
38.5 TL 0.320 -0.59 6.0 2.68 Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence fall spawners No No
41.7 TL 0.220 -2.05 4.7 2.58 West of Newfoundland fall spawners No No
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