";} } ?> Morphology Summary - Tor sinensis
Morphology Data of Tor sinensis
Identification keys
Main Ref. Roberts, T.R., 1999
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features none
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section oval
Dorsal head profile more or less straight
Type of eyes more or less normal
Type of mouth/snout more or less normal
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior
Type of scales

Mentum long, usually reaching posteriorly to or beyond junction of upper and lower lips; soft oral structures tend to be more hypertrophied than in other Tor species, especially in larger individuals; gill rakers on lateral face of first gill arch 20-22; scales in lateral series 23-24; predorsal scales 8-10; transverse scale rows 4/1/2; vertebrae 25-27+15-16=41-43; juveniles overall silvery; pectoral, pelvic, anal, and caudal fins rosy to reddish; adults and subadults with a deep, dark midlateral stripe, body darkish above and brownish beneath; pectoral, pelvic, and caudal fins deep red (Ref. 35913).

Ease of Identification likely to be confused with closely related species.

Meristic characteristics of Tor sinensis

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 23 - 28
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series 23 - 24
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 12 - 14
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 17 - 22
total 41 - 43


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 4 - 4
Soft-rays total 7 - 9
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 3 - 3
Soft-rays total 5 - 5

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  beneath origin of D1
Spines     1
Soft-rays   8 - 9
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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