Morphology Data of Squatina mapama
Identification keys
Main Ref. Long, D.J., D.A. Ebert, J. Tavera, A. Acero P. and D.R. Robertson, 2021
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section flattened
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: with a single row of slightly enlarged dermal denticles along the dorsal midline extending between level just anterior of posterior insertion of pelvic fins and anterior base of first dorsal fin and continuing rearwards along dorsal ridge of tail between first and second dorsal fins; a few large denticles on top of the head; nasal flap squared with a fine fringe on ventral edge; two short lateral barbels bluntly rounded also with a fine fringed margin; males with a dorsal color pattern of small, scattered, dark spots distributed over a uniform light-brown background; pectoral-fin span 52.0-58.1% TL; pelvic-fin span 30.7-31.0 % TL; pre-pectoral-fin length 19.4-19.8% TL; trunk width 18.1-19.5% TL; head length 16.5-17.5% TL; spiracle length 2.2-2.3% TL; eye-to-spiracle length 2.2-5.0 % TL; mouth width 10.5-12.1% TL; nostril width 1.6-2.3% TL; snout-to-pectoral distance 19.4-19.8%; spiracle width 2.2-2.3% TL; pectoral-fin inner margins 17.5-18.3% (Ref. 125651).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Squatina mapama

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
preanal 105 - 105
total 137 - 137


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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