Morphology Data of Squalus quasimodo
Identification keys
Main Ref. de F. Viana, S.T., M.R. De Carvalho and U.L. Gomes, 2016
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section angular
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales placoid scales

This species can be distinguished from its congeners through the following set of characters: body which is conspicuously robust and humped dorsally; second dorsal fin is upright and markedly tall (height 4.0%, 4.7%-5.3% TL); first and second dorsal-fin spines are elongated (first dorsal-fin spine length 4.3%, 3.3%-4.3% TL and second dorsal-fin spine length 4.4%, 3.9%-4.3% TL), and broad at base (first spine base length 0.9%, 0.7%-1.0% TL; second spine base length 1.0%, 0.8%-0.9% TL); caudal fin have a conspicuous rectangular dorsal lobe; the dermal denticles are tricuspid, markedly imbricate and broad at crown; differs from S. bahiensis by having a larger pectoral-fin anterior margin length, 15.9%, 15.5%-16.0% TL (vs. 14.3%, 14.4%-14.5% TL) and more elongate first dorsal-fin spine, its length 4.3%, 3.3%-4.3% TL (vs. 2.8%, 2.9%-3.0% TL), has a larger first dorsal fin with greater anterior margin length, 11.2%, 10.8%-11.4% TL (vs. 10.5%, 10.3%-10.6% TL) and fin base (length 8.2%, 7.7%-8.5% TL vs. 7.5%, 7.2%-7.3% TL, respectively); differs from S. lobularis by having a greater interdorsal distance, 26.4%, 24.0%-25.8% TL (vs. 22.3%, 21.9%-23.6% TL) (Ref. 109601).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Squalus quasimodo

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
preanal 87 - 92
total 116 - 121


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
Modified by Bailly, Nicolas
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17