Morphology Data of Profundulus parentiae
Identification keys
Main Ref. Matamoros, W.A., S.E. Domínguez-Cisneros, E. Velázquez-Velázquez and C.D. McMahan, 2018
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section oval
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished from its congeners P. balsanus, P. oaxacae, P. mixtlanensis by having long epiotic processes that extend beyond the epipleural ribs of the first vertebra (vs. short epiotic process not reaching the epipleural ribs of the first vertebra); differs from P. guatemalensis, P. kreiseri by having rows of dark dots along the sides of the body (vs. absence of rows of dark dots in P. guatemalensis, P. kreiseri; differs from P. punctatus by having a dorsoventrally compressed Meckel’s cartilage with a relatively straight ventral edge and a narrow and strongly concave sesamoid articular (vs. dorso-ventrally expanded Meckel’s cartilage with convex ventral edge and a wide and moderately concave sesamoid articular in P. punctatus; differs from P. oaxacae by the number of scales in the lateral series, 33 (vs. 29-31 in P. oaxacae) (Ref. 119416).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Profundulus parentiae

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 33 - 33
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 19 - 19
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 12 - 12
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 14 - 14

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   16 - 16
Pelvics Attributes  
Soft-rays   6 - 6
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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