Morphology Data of Pristigenys refulgens
Identification keys
Main Ref. Iwatsuki, Y., T. Matsuda, W.C. Starnes, T. Nakabo and T. Yoshino, 2012
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral short and / or deep
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: D X,11; A III,10; total gill rakers on first arch 23-26, mode 24 (upper limb 6-9, lower 16-18); lateral-line scales 31-37, mode 33; body scales above pectoral fin with about 11-40 spinules on posterior margin, the number increasing with growth up to ca. 20 cm SL; rounded caudal fin in young and adults; colour of posterior soft portions of vertical fins hyaline reddish with black margins, width about 1/4 of pupil diameter in fresh specimens (usually distinct in preservation); 5 white or pale relatively narrow vertical bands on body, the third around 1/4-2/5 width of pupil, somewhat expanded dorsally and ventrally, and relatively vertical throughout, including dorsal and ventral extremities (Ref. 94109).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Pristigenys refulgens

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 31 - 37
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 16 - 18
on upper limb 6 - 9
total 23 - 26


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 10 - 10
Soft-rays total 10 - 12
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 3 - 3
Soft-rays total 10 - 10

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Spines     0
Soft-rays   18 - 19
Pelvics Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   5 - 5
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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