Morphology Data of Potamotrygon pantanensis
Identification keys
Main Ref. Loboda, T.S. and M.R. de Carvalho, 2013
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales placoid scales

Can be diagnosed from other species of the genus Potamotrygon from the Paraná-Paraguay basin by having bicolored ocelli with diameter greater or equal to eye-diameter, and vermiculated markings with a beige, yellow or orange central area surrounded by a peripheral black ring, over a uniform brown dorsal disc background color (vs. ocelli absent in P. falkneri, P. histrix, P. schuhmacheri, and P. brachyura; ocelli with three colors in P. motoro and two colors in P. amandae, and both species lack vermiculations). Can be further distinguished by the following combination of characters: a single, clearly demarcated gray color present on anterocentral ventral disc, transversed by a gray stripe over first pair of branchial slits (vs. lacking in P. motoro and P. amandae); presence of minute, star-shaped dermal denticles only on central disc area, and two or three rows of minute, slender and curved enlarged spines on dorsal tail (vs. a single dorsal row of relatively large, tall and straight enlarged spines on dorsal tail in P. motoro, and double or triple rows of small and straight spines in P. amandae); dorsal pseudosiphon of clasper with dorsal flap broader than in P. motoro and P. amandae (in P. pantanensis this flap covers an area beyond the anterior margin of dorsal pseudosiphon, whereas in P. motoro and P. amandae this flap is restricted to the dorsal pseudosiphon); 87 to 95 (without mode) pectoral radials and 30 to 31 (mode 31) tooth rows of lower jaw (vs P. amandae with 92 to 106 pectoral radials [without mode], and 23 to 33 lower tooth rows [mode 26]); a straight frontoparietal fontanelle with parallel margins (vs. frontoparietal fontanelle with slightly curved and tapering margins in P. motoro, and with posterior portion of frontoparietal fontanelle more rounded in P. amandae); anterior angular cartilage much greater than posterior angular cartilage, more than twice its length, and relatively straight anteriorly (vs. angular cartilages subequal in P. motoro; and anterior angular cartilage curved near articulation with Meckel’s cartilage, with anterior margin very concave in P. amandae) (Ref. 95047).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Potamotrygon pantanensis

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
preanal 36 - 49
total 118 - 125


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  part of sucker-disc
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
Modified by Bailly, Nicolas
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