Morphology Data of Pliotrema annae
Identification keys
Main Ref. Weigmann, S., O. Gon, R.H. Leeney, E. Barrowclift, P. Berggren, N. Jiddawi and A.J. Temple, 2020
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section angular
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This medium-sized six-gilled sawshark is distinguished by the following characters: barbel origin to anterior nostrils 1.9-2.0 times anterior nostrils to symphysis upper jaw; prenarial length 1.6-1.7 times prebarbel length; preoral length 1.5-1.7 times interdorsal space; pectoral-fin anterior margin 1.4-1.5 times dorsal-caudal space; mouth width 2.7-3.2 times spiracle length; the first dorsal fin originates about opposite pectoral-fin free rear tips; lateral trunk dermal denticles tricuspidate, rather flat and imbricated; monospondylous centra 53-54; precaudal diplospondylous centra 46-49; total vertebral centra 154; generally with a shorter snout, head length 34.2-34.5% TL, preorbital length 21.7-22.0% TL, preoral length 24.6-25.1% TL, prebarbel length 12.6-12.7% TL, and barbel origin to symphysis upper jaw 12.1-12.3% TL; with lower total large lateral rostral tooth and ventral rostral spine counts, and a rostrum that is slightly constricted between barbel origin and nostrils. Similar to P. kajae, with barbels situated about half way from rostral tip to mouth, with prebarbel length about equidistant from barbel origin to symphysis of upper jaw, while in P. warreni, the barbels are situated about two thirds way from rostral tip to mouth, with prebarbel length about twice distance from barbel origin to symphysis of upper jaw. Colouration: uniform medium to dark brown dorsally without longitudinal stripes; white ventrally but with few indistinct dark blotches on belly; fins with pronounced white posterior fin margins, especially the caudal and pectoral fins; dorsal rostrum surface with two distinct longitudinal dark stripes, lateral rostral teeth dark-edged (Ref. 122027).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Pliotrema annae

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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