Morphology Data of Planonasus indicus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Ebert, D.A., K.V. Akhilesh and S. Weigmann, 2019
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section angular
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished from its closest congener P. parini by the absence of oral papillae on the roof, tongue, and floor of mouth; no distinct white mark on the free rear tip of the first dorsal fin, sides, and underside of head, and fin edges that are similar in color as body (vs. dusky); greater number of tooth rows in the lower jaw (ca. 153-156 vs. ca. 115-120); shorter upper labial furrows (0.6-0.8 vs. 0.9-1.2% TL and 0.7 vs. 1.0-1.2 times as long as lowers), spiracles longer (1.6 vs. 0.9-1.2% TL) and less high (0.8-0.9 vs. 1.2-1.8% TL); proportionally higher, more angular dorsal fins, especially the second dorsal fin; proportionally longer pectoral fins, larger anal fin; longer precaudal (79.4-79.7 vs. 74.6-79.1% TL), pre-second-dorsal (62.7 vs. 56.6-60.5% TL), pre-first-dorsal (36.5-37.0 vs. 34.5-36.5% TL), prepelvic (52.7-53.4 vs. 47.2-51.4% TL), and snout-anterior vent (56.1-57.1 vs. 50.7-53.9% TL) lengths; shorter distances for preorbital snout (7.3-7.7 vs. 8.3-8.5% TL); prepectoral length (22.7-23.0 vs. 24.0-25.4% TL); pelvic midpoint to second dorsal fin origin (4.8-5.6 vs. 5.6-7.7% TL); pelvic-anal space (4.8-5.2 vs. 5.5-5.8% TL) (Ref. 119154).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Planonasus indicus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
Modified by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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