Morphology Data of Petrocephalus christyi
Identification keys
Main Ref. Lavoué, S., J.P. Sullivan and M.E. Arnegard, 2010
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales cycloid scales

Petrocephalus christyi is distinguished from all other Petrocephalus species in Central Africa by the following combination of characteristics: dorsal fin with 22-24 branched rays, anal fin with 25-29 branched rays, eye large (HL/ED=3,1-4,2), mouth small, 9-13 teeth in the upper jaw, 17-22 teeth in the lower jaw (Ref. 85331). Melanin pattern consisting of two characteristic black patches: (1) a distinct round mark below the anterior base (first to the fifth rays) of the dorsal fin; and (2) a somewhat diffuse crescent-like mark, centered at the base of the caudal fin and extending onto the fleshy dorsal and ventral lobes of this fin (Ref. 85331).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Petrocephalus christyi

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 35 - 39
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 12 - 12
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 24 - 24
Adipose fin

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total
Soft-rays total 28 - 29

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  before origin of D1
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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