Morphology Data of Pethia ornata
Identification keys
Main Ref. Vishwanath, W. and J. Laisram, 2004
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance always different morphology between mature adults
Different colors always different colors between mature adults
Remarks Exhibits clear sexual dimorphism. Males are bright reddish-orange (vs. yellow in color though the fins are orange in females). Very bright during breeding season (vs. orange color of the body is not seen and the dorsal fin acquires slight yellow orange color in prebreeding season) . Males have all fins in reddish-orange (vs. dorsal fin is deep orange except for the last unbranched osseous ray; pectoral pelvic and caudal fins are yellowish in females). During breeding season, both sexes have reddish-orang operculum (Ref. 98590).

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior
Type of scales

Description: D. iii,8; A. iii, 5-6; P i,11-12; V. i,8 (Ref. 57399); 8-9 pre-dorsal scales; 10 pre-pelvic scales; 18 pre-anal scales; 4 scales from lateral line to pelvic base; and exhibit clear sexual dimorphism (Ref. 98590).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Pethia ornata

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 20 - 25
Pored lateral line scales 5 - 21
Scales in lateral series 23 - 24
Scale rows above lateral line 3 - 3
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 11 - 12
Barbels 0
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 23 - 23


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 11 - 11
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 8 - 9

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Soft-rays   12 - 13
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  before origin of D1
Soft-rays   9 - 9
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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