Morphology Data of Pethia longicauda
Identification keys
Main Ref. Katwate, U., M.S. Paingankar, R. Raghavan and N. Dahanukar, 2014
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors
Remarks Breeding males sometimes possess two rows of indistinct minute black spots on dorsal fin.

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior
Type of scales

The following combination of characters separate this species from all its congeners: caudal peduncle distinct, long and shallow; lateral line incomplete; lateral-line pored scales ceasing after 5th or 6th lateral-line scale; 22-24 scales in lateral series; ½3/1/3½ transverse scale rows; no barbels; lips well developed with a distinct lateral fold on snout; first ceratobranchial with 13-14 rakers; dorsal fin origin closer to the snout tip than to base of the caudal peduncle; 5 predorsal neural spines; dark-black humeral spot covering 3rd and 4th lateral-line scales and extending to one scale above the lateral-line row; caudal peduncle with two black blotches with first one distinct, covering 16th-18th scale in lateral series, and second one hazy, covering 20th-22nd scales in lateral series (Ref. 96889).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Pethia longicauda

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series 22 - 24
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 12 - 12
Barbels 0
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
preanal 17 - 17
total 30 - 30


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 11 - 11
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 8 - 8

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Soft-rays   12 - 14
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  before origin of D1
Soft-rays   8 - 8
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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