Morphology Data of Paraphanius mento
Identification keys
Main Ref. Esmaeili, H.R., A. Teimori, F. Zarei and G. Sayyadzadeh, 2020
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section oval
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished by the following: scales along the body 23-28; D 9-14: A 9-13; pectoral fins 12-16; pelvic fin rays 4-6; total gill rakers 11-15; jaw teeth display a long middle cusp and short lateral cusps; otoliths triangular in shape, have a prominent rostrum, and a straight sulcus; vertebrae 25-26, in the vertebral column with 5 preural vertebrae (PU1–5) with long haemal and neural spines, the presence of a small plate in front of the spines of PU5, flank scales are squarish to a vertical oval in general shape; no pelvic axillary scale; gut is s-shaped (Ref. 125310).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Paraphanius mento

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 25 - 26


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 9 - 14
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 9 - 13

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   12 - 16
Pelvics Attributes  
Soft-rays   4 - 6
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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