Morphology Data of Parakneria vilhenae
Identification keys
Main Ref. Poll, M., 1965
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section circular
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior
Type of scales

Diagnosis: body depth 6.4-8.5 times in SL; head length 4.15-4.4 times in SL; snout rounded, 2.4-2.7 times in HL; eye superolateral, 5-5.75 times in HL, 1.5-1.85 times in interorbital space, 2-2.35 times in snout length; dorsal fin origin 1.15-1.3 times further from snout tip than from caudal fin origin, slightly in front of pelvic fin origin; anal fin origin 2-2.6 times further from pelvic fin origin than from caudal fin origin; pectoral fins large, 4-4.5 times in SL and 0.95-1.1 times longer than head; pelvic fins 5-5.9 times in SL, 1.15-1.4 times in HL; caudal peduncle 1.4-1.7 times longer than deep (Ref. 11970, 89136).

Description: mouth inferior; lower lip absent, but cutting edge present; scales small; caudal fin with 19 soft rays, its lower lobe slightly larger than upper (Ref. 11970, 89136).

Coloration: 6-7 mediolateral spots; mediodorsal spots on head and back; fins greyish with vague, blackish transversal bands, but clearly present on lower lobe of caudal fin (Ref. 11970, 89136).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Parakneria vilhenae

Lateral Lines 1 Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 73 - 82
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Barbels 0
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 38 - 39


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   0
Ventral  0
Spines total 0
Soft-rays total 11
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0
Soft-rays total 9

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   16 - 18
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  beneath origin of D1
Spines     0
Soft-rays   9
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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