Morphology Data of Parakneria lufirae
Identification keys
Main Ref. Poll, M., 1965
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section circular
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior
Type of scales

Diagnosis: body depth 6.8-8.5 times in SL; head length 4.3-4.8 times in SL; snout rounded, its length 2.1-2.4 times in HL; eye superolateral, its diameter 5.3-6.2 times in HL, 1.7-2.3 times in interorbital distance, 2.2-2.8 times in snout length; dorsal fin origin 1.1-1.3 times furhter from pelvic fin origin than from caudal fin origin; anal fin 1.6-2 times further from pelvic fin orogin than from caudal fin origin; pectoral fin large, 4-4.6 times in SL, 0.9-1.1 times longer than head; pelvic fin 6-7.3 times in SL, 1.3-1.5 times in HL; caudal peduncle 1.3-1.7 times longer than deep (Ref. 89136).

Description: mouth inferior; lower lip absent, but cutting edge present on lower jaw; scales small; caudal fin with 19-20 soft rays, deeply forked, lower lobe a little longer than upper (Ref. 89136).

Coloration: ground color yellowish; mediolateral band of 8-9 more or less confluent spots; smaller spots dorsally and on lower flanks; dorsal spots alternating, median spots larger; fins greyish with more or less clear transversal bands, most obvious on the caudal fin lobes which have 2-3 transversal bands; some larger individuals very pale, with a mediolateral and mediodorsal series of large spots (Ref. 89136).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Parakneria lufirae

Lateral Lines 1 Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 92 - 105
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   0
Ventral  0
Spines total 0
Soft-rays total 11
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0
Soft-rays total 9

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   18 - 20
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   9 - 10
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17