Morphology Data of Ostichthys kaianus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Greenfield, D.W., J.E. Randall and P.N. Psomadakis, 2017
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral short and / or deep
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished by the following characters: 2½ scales above lateral line to midbase of spinous portion of dorsal fin; anal fin origin beneath spinous portion of dorsal fin; upper procurrent spiniform caudal-fin rays 4 and lower 3; no half scale anterior to the first lateral-line scale; pectoral-fin rays 15-17 (usually 16); lateral-line scales 28-30 (usually 28, rarely 30); dorsal profile of head slightly convex; gill rakers 7-9 + 14-16; the last dorsal-fin spine is about equal in length to penultimate spine; space between last dorsal-fin spine and first dorsal-fin ray about half as broad as space between last two dorsal-fin spines; depth of body 2.05-2.2 in SL; head length 2.15-2.4 in SL; snout short, 4.2-4.9 in HL; least depth of caudal peduncle 3.8-4.6 in HL; colour when fresh is reddish with a series of relatively narrow silvery white dashes (middle of each scale has a horizontal streak nearly full-width of scale), forming whitish stripes on body (Ref. 114923).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Ostichthys kaianus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 28 - 30
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 14 - 16
on upper limb 7 - 9


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   15 - 17
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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