Morphology Data of Neotrygon australiae
Identification keys
Main Ref. Last, P.R., White, W.T. and B. Séret, 2016
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral other
Cross section flattened
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species of the kuhlii-complex (reaching at least 45 cm DW; males maturing at ca. 28 cm DW) is distinguished by the following set of characters: disc is much broader than long, width 1.2-1.3 times length; pectoral apices are narrowly angular; snout fleshy, broadly rounded to weakly angular, with angle 101-103°, length 1.6-2.1 times interorbital width; maximum width relatively well back on disc, length from snout tip to pectoral-fin insertion 1.7-1.8 times and disc width 2.3-2.5 times horizontal distance from snout tip to maximum disc width; preoral length 1.8-2.3 times the mouth width; internasal distance 1.3-1.6 in prenasal length; interspiracular distance 14-16% DW; nostril length 3.4-4% DW; nasal curtain width 8.4-9.1% DW; with small mouth, width 6.5-7.3% DW; horizontal distance from cloaca to the caudal sting base 42-52% of disc length; with thornlets in nuchal and lumbar regions in large individuals, none from tail in all sizes; no dermal denticles entirely from body; pectoral-fin radials 105-113; total vertebral centra (including synarcual) 129-134, trunk centra (including synarcual) 37-41; with large blue spots, the largest spot on disc 0.7-1.2 times eye width; 2-17 (mean 9.4) blue spots on medial belt, largest 3.3-5.6% DW; mask-like marking subtle, usually lightly covered with dark peppery spots (dark spots not widespread over central disc); the ventral surface of disc with distinct dark greyish brown submarginal bands; ventral tail fold is almost entirely dark (Ref. 116741).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Neotrygon australiae

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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