Morphology Data of Garra tyao
Identification keys
Main Ref. Arunachalam, M., S. Nandagopal and R.L. Mayden, 2014
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is related to Garra namyaensis, G. lissorhynchus, G. paralissorhynchus and G. nambulica. This can be diagnosed by having a rounded snout in dorsal view and snout with minute tubercles, rostral lobe well developed and tubercles not densely distributed or arranged in a regular pattern. This differs from G. dampaensis in having more branched dorsal-fin rays, more branched pelvic-fin rays, fewer branched caudal-fin rays, more lateral-line scale rows and fewer predorsal scale rows, fewer upper transverse scale rows; from G. lissorhynchus by the position of a dark 'W'-shaped band (posterior end of caudal-fin vs. middle of caudal-fin), fewer lateral-line scale rows (31 vs. 34) and fewer predorsal scales (8-10 vs. 13); from G. nambulica in having more branched pelvic-fin rays (8 vs. 6), more pectoral-fin rays (14-15 vs. 12), and fewer predorsal scale rows (8-10 vs. 24); and from G. paralissorhynchus in having more pectoral-fin rays (14-15 vs. 11) and fewer predorsal scales (8-10 vs. 12) (Ref. 96639).

Description: Dorsal-fin rays ii-iii, 7; anal-fin rays ii-iii, 3-4; pectoral-fin rays i, 14-15; pelvic-fin rays i, 8 (Ref. 96639)

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Garra tyao

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 31 - 31
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line 4 - 4.5
Scales around caudal peduncle 15 - 16
Barbels 4
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
preanal 18 - 19


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 9 - 10
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Soft-rays   15 - 16
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
Soft-rays   9 - 9
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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