Morphology Data of Garra shamal
Identification keys
Main Ref. Kirchner, S., L. Kruckenhauser, A. Pichler, K. Borkenhagen and J. Freyhof, 2020
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species can be distinguished from its congeners in the Hajar Mountain by the absence of bold-black middle caudal-fin rays with white membranes (vs. present). C: 9+8 branched rays; D: 3 simple, 7 1/2 branched rays; P: 1-2 simple, 11-15 branched rays; GR: 10-14; pelvic fin with 1 simple and 7-8 branched rays; anal fin short, with 3 simple and 5½ branched rays. Garra shamal further differs by the following set of characters: having a strongly mottled flank pattern (vs. plain or nearly plain in G. gallagheri and G. longipinis), a white dorsal-fin tip (vs. not different from rest of fin in G. gallagheri and G. longipinnis), absence of orange blotch at the upper opercle (vs. present in G. barreimiae), orange scales on the flank often absent (vs. present in G. barreimiae), and 10-14 gill rakers on the lower limb of the first gill arch (vs. 15-18 in G. barreimiae). Colouration in life: Head yellowish brown. Mouth, chest and abdomen pale brown or cream. Presence of a large, indistinct, round black blotch on the posteriormost caudal peduncle. Black upper and blue lower blotch at anteriormost lateral line. Fin rays yellowish or hyaline, fin membranes yellowish, hyaline, black or dusty grey, normally black in distal part of dorsal fin. Tip of dorsal fin white. Iris white and orange. Depressed rostral surface dark brown or grey, darker than proboscis and transverse lobe (Ref. 122023).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Garra shamal

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 10 - 14
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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