Morphology Data of Garra robertsi
Identification keys
Main Ref. Thoni, R.J. and R.L. Mayden, 2015
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Garra robertsi differs from its only other congener in Borneo, G. borneensis, by the following characters: five transverse scale rows above lateral line (vs. four); when depressed, first dorsal-fin ray extending beyond the posterior-most extent of any other part of the dorsal fin (vs. not extending posteriorly beyond last ray); scales on the breast deeply embedded (vs. exposed); absence (vs. presence) of a stark, contrasting black stripe on lower caudal-fin rays; snout with two nearly continuous patches of tubercles (vs. 3 discrete patches); absence (vs. presence) of a lateral stripe; presence (vs. absence) of broad suborbital bar; a thickened anteromedial fold on the lower lip; and fewer papillae extending onto the callous pad from the posterior flap of the lower lip (Ref. 103293).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Garra robertsi

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Barbels 4
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 10 - 10
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 6 - 6

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Soft-rays   14 - 16
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
Soft-rays   9 - 9
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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