Morphology Data of Garra khawbungi
Identification keys
Main Ref. Arunachalam, M., S. Nandagopal and R.L. Mayden, 2014
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Distinguished by having the following combination of characters: snout rounded in dorsal

profile with weakly developed transverse groove; groove with pointed tubercles arranged irregularly but approximately in three rows across; snout not elongated as proboscis; two pairs of barbels, both rostral and maxillary; 36-37 scale rows on lateral line; 16 circumpeduncular scale rows; 4.5/3.5/4.5 transverse-scale rows; well developed scale rows present up to pectoral-fin insertion and embedded scale rows present after pectoral-fin insertion up to pelvic-fin insertion (Ref. 96639).

Description: Dorsal-fin rays iii, 8; anal-fin rays ii-iii, 5; pectoral-fin rays i, 14-15; Pelvic-fin rays i, 8 (Ref. 96639).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Garra khawbungi

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 36 - 37
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line 3.5 - 3.5
Scales around caudal peduncle 16 - 16
Barbels 4
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
preanal 16 - 20


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 11 - 11
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 7 - 8

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Soft-rays   15 - 16
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
Soft-rays   9 - 9
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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