Morphology Data of Garra allostoma
Identification keys
Main Ref. Lévêque, C., 2003
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features striking type of mouth
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout sucker-like
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior
Type of scales cycloid scales

Diagnosis: Garra allostoma is an insectivorous Garra with a terminal or subterminal mouth and curved or crescentic mouth opening superficially resembling a generalized Barbus; cheek below eye laterally expanded; rostral cap reduced, smooth; mental disc smooth, non tuberculate, posterior border bound to isthmus; upper and lower lips well developed; lower lip non-tuberculate, divided into distinct, lateral and medial portions by a constriction; medial portion of lower lip constricted near symphysis, so that it is bilobate; horny sheaths of upper and lower jaws not greatly enlarged, without trenchant cutting edge; pharyngeal teeth in two rows, 2 or 3,5 (Ref. 96454). Absence of rostral fimbriae distinguished Garra allostoma from all other Garra, and having only two instead of three pharyngeal tooth rows distinguished it from all others for which the number of rows has been reported (Ref. 96454).

Description: mouth terminal to subterminal, crescent-shaped; mental disc poorly developed and non-tuberculate, without free marginal membrane; lips well developed, the lower consisting of two lateral sectors and a bilobed central part; rostral lobe poorly developed and smooth-edged; upper and lower jaws somewhat horny, but without cutting edges; two rows of pharyngeal teeth (2-3/5) (Ref. 2940, 81282). Between 36 and 37 scales in a longitudinal series; 16-18 scales around caudal peduncle; no scales on back before dorsal fin (Ref. 2940, 81282). Dorsal fin with iii,7 rays; anal fin with iii,5 rays; pectoral fin with ii,12-14 rays; pelvic fin with 8 rays (Ref. 2940, 81282).

Colouration: back black, sides marbled, belly pale; first scale in the longitudinal series dark or black, preceded (at upper angle of gill cover) by a small pale area which is red in live specimens (Ref. 2940, 81282). Basal area of dorsal fin with four oblique, black marks, other fins colorless (Ref. 2940, 81282).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Garra allostoma

Lateral Lines 1 Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 36 - 37
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 3 - 4
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 16 - 18
Barbels 4
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 10 - 10
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 8 - 8

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   14 - 16
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
Spines     0
Soft-rays   8 - 8
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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