Morphology Data of Etmopterus fusus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Last, P., G.H. Burgess and B. Séret, 2002
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section oval
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales placoid scales

Body firm fusiform, almost cylindrical. Dorsal and ventral surfaces dark; pectoral fin pale distally. Head relatively long (> 21% TL). Mouth moderate, subequal to eye length. Upper eyelid with pale naked patch. Caudal peduncle rather elongate, ca 2-2.6 times greatest horizontal length of D1 including spine about a 5th of TL. Upper teeth of mature males with 7 cusps. Denticles short, robust, arranged in regular rows. Posterior branch of flank marking truncate and merging ventrally with post-pelvic marking. Anterior part of caudal base marking very broad, enveloping ventral surface and extending onto flanks; presence of oval central caudal marking; upper caudal marking comma-shaped. Monospondylous centra 36-38 (Ref. 45056).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Etmopterus fusus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
preanal 55 - 58
total 77 - 81


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin

Attributes heterocercal; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
Modified by Bailly, Nicolas
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17