Morphology Data of Eptatretus astrolabium
Identification keys
Main Ref. Fernholm, B. and M.M. Mincarone, 2010
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral eel-like
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species differs from all its congeners except five Pacific species (Eptatretus carlhubbsi, Eptatretus cirrhatus, Eptatretus goliath, Eptatretus laurahubbsae, Eptatretus strahani) and two Atlantic Ocean species (Eptatretus caribbeaus, Eptatretus menezesi) by having 7 pairs of gill pouches and three-cusp multicusps on the anterior and posterior rows of cusps. It further differs from these congeners by having the following characters: 10 posterior unicusps (vs. 11-13 in E. carlhubbsi, 7-9 in E. cirrhatus, 11-16 in E. laurahubbsae); 52 total cusps (vs. 54-58 in E. caribbeaus, 61-71 in E. carlhubbsi, 61-68 in E. laurahubbsae); 18-19 prebranchial pores (vs. 13-15 in E. caribbeaus, 12-17 in E. carlhubbsi, 14-15 in E. goliath, 14-17 in E. laurahubbsae, 13-17 in E. menezesi, 13-16 in E. strahani); 5 branchial pores (vs. 6-7 or 6-8 for remaining seven-gilled species); 48-49 trunk pores (vs. 60-70 in E. carlhubbsi, 57-58 in E. goliath, 60-67 in E. laurahubbsae); 83-84 total pores (vs. 93-110 in E. carlhubbsi, 92 in E. goliath, 97-105 in E. laurahubbsae, 86-94 in E. menezesi). In addition, these congeners, except E. caribbeaus, have two bilaterally symmetrical nasal-sinus papillae in the dorsal surface of the nasal sinus, while it is absent in E. astrolabium (Ref. 85154).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Eptatretus astrolabium

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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