Morphology Data of Enteromius camptacanthus
Identification keys
Main Ref. De Weirdt, D., A. Getahun, S. Tshibwabwa and G.G. Teugels, 2007
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs no special organs
Different appearance males alike females
Different colors males alike females

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features none
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile more or less straight
Type of eyes more or less normal
Type of mouth/snout more or less normal
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior
Type of scales cycloid scales

Diagnosis: Mouth subinferior; two long and unequal pairs of barbels (Ref. 2940, 81282, 81639), anterior pair not extending beyond centre of eye; posterior pair reaching to, or extending beyond, posterior half of eye/extending beyond hind margin of eye (Ref. 2940, 81282). Lateral line complete and deeply depressed below dorsal fin; 21-25 scales in lateral line; 3.5-4.5 scales between lateral line and origin of dorsal fin; 4.5 scales between lateral line and middle of belly; 2.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic fin insertion; 12 circumpeduncular scales (Ref. 2940, 81282, 81639). Dorsal fin 0.8-0.9 times head length (Ref. 81639). Eight branched dorsal fin rays; last simple dorsal-fin ray smooth on hind margin; 2 large black spots on sides, one on anterior part of body and one on caudal peduncle (Ref. 2940, 81282, 81639).

Description: Medium-sized species with rounded dorsal profile (Ref. 81282, 81639). Dorsal fin with 3 unbranched and 8 branched rays; anal fin with 3 unbranched and 5 branched rays (Ref. 2940, 81282, 81639). Scales radially striated; dorsal fin with concave border, last simple ray flexible, not serrated, measuring 0.80-0.86 times head length (Ref. 81639).

Colouration: Back olivaceous green, sides golden-yellow, belly whitish; lateral-line scales with small, black spot at base, particularly well visible on anterior part of body; large, elongate black blotch on middle of caudal peduncle extending forward as black band running above lateral line and becoming slightly broader before dorsal-fin level, forming a second, large, elongate blotch behind gill cover; size and shape of spots and the longitudinal band are highly variable, anterior blotch often being independent and located above longitudinal band; fins colourless in life, but red or reddish at base, but in some individuals they are entirely vermillion (Ref. 2940, 81282, 81639).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Enteromius camptacanthus

Lateral Lines 1 Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 21 - 25
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 3 - 5
Scale rows below lateral line 4 - 5
Scales around caudal peduncle 12 - 12
Barbels 4
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 11 - 11
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 8 - 8

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  beneath origin of D1
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Palomares, Maria Lourdes D.
Modified by Boden, Gert
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