Morphology Data of Dysomma melanurum
Identification keys
Main Ref. Ho, H.-C., D.G. Smith and K.A. Tighe, 2015
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral eel-like
Cross section oval
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished by the following characters: presence of pectoral fin; dorsal-fin origin above middle of pectoral fin, predorsal length 11.5-15.0% TL; the lower jaw is longer than upper jaw, slightly curved and not appressed to upper jaw when mouth closed; anus anterior, below pectoral fin, preanal length 15.4-17.3% TL; trunk is very short, trunk length 3.0-5.3% TL; no intermaxillary teeth; multiple rows of teeth on upper jaw, those on innermost row about twice the size of the rest; 5 or 6 (mainly 5) compound teeth on vomer; multiple rows of teeth on lower jaw, the innermost row about twice the size of the rest; head pores: IO 4, SO 3, M 7 (1 with 8), POP 0, AD 1, F 0, ST 0. Lateral-line pores very large, predorsal 10-13, prepectoral 8-11, preanal11-17, total pores 107-117, the last to 1/2 HL before the caudal-fin base. MVF 13-14-135, total vertebrae 131-138; colour of body uniformly light pinkish to grayish with numerous melanophores, posterior margin of anal fin and caudal fin black (Ref. 106136).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Dysomma melanurum

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 131 - 138


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
Modified by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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