Morphology Data of Cryptomyrus ogoouensis
Identification keys
Main Ref. Sullivan, J.P., S. Lavoué and C.D. Hopkins, 2016
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior
Type of scales cycloid scales

Diagnosis: Cryptomyrus ogoouensis is readily differentiated from its sole congener, C. ona, by the following characteristics: the possession of an anal-fin origin located well in advance of the dorsal fin, first dorsal ray above anal-fin ray 7 vs. first dorsal ray above anal-fin ray 3; a narrow caudal peduncle, its depth 5.1% of standard length vs. 6.0-6.8%; and lobes of caudal fin nearly as long as caudal peduncle, vs. markedly shorter (Ref. 113668).

Description: Body fusiform with dorsal and ventral profiles gently convex, greatest body depth between terminus of pelvic fin and urogenital pore; body compressed, widest at head; dorsal head profile very nearly straight from back of head to above eye, a slight indentation above anterior margin of eye and abruptly angled at tip of snout; in lateral view, upper lip to tip of snout nearly a straight line, forming a 90° angle with top of head; ventral profile of head with marked concavity between gular region and chin, body depth increasing rapidly from there to below mid level of pectoral fin (Ref. 113668). Snout blunt, deep and broad, rounded from above; tip of snout on level with center of eye, projecting beyond upper lip; nostrils well separated from each other and from eye; posterior naris at level of bottom of orbit, anterior naris just below line through center of eye; straight line drawn through nostrils passes through tip of snout and just below pectoral-fin origin (Ref. 113668). Mouth subinferior, small, rictus beneath posterior naris in advance of eye; chin swelling present: expansive, but not protruding beyond snout (Ref. 113668). Premaxillary teeth 5, notched, dentary teeth 6, broad, squarish, spatulate, center four oriented horizontally; center two projecting beyond neighboring pair, longest along inner edges (Ref. 113668). Eye large, laterally positioned on head (Ref. 113668). Predorsal distance greater than preanal distance; anal-fin origin well in advance of dorsal fin; first dorsal ray above anal-fin ray 7; dorsal-fin base shorter than anal-fin base; dorsal-fin rays 3+21, anal-fin rays 3+28; 3 anal-fin rays beyond last dorsal-fin ray; dorsal fin with strongly falcate posterior margin; longest dorsal-fin ray is second branched ray; next 10 rays successively shorter; final 8 rays equal in length; anal fin with gently falcate posterior margin; longest anal-fin ray is third branched ray; next 13 rays successively shorter, final 12 rays equal in length (Ref. 113668). Pectoral fin long and pointed distally, with 10 rays, extending to vertical through middle of pelvic fin; pelvic fin with 6 rays, closer to pectoral-fin origin than to anal-fin origin (Ref. 113668). Caudal peduncle narrow, depth at middle equal to depth at origin; caudal fin deeply forked with 20 rays in each lobe, lobes long with rounded ends, scaled at bases; distance from caudal flexion to caudal tips roughly equal to caudal peduncle length (Ref. 113668). Body covered by thin, cycloid scales, head naked; body scales large along sides, smaller dorsally; 43 pierced lateral line scales and 2 unpierced along midlateral line, 19 scales in transverse series between origins of dorsal and anal fins, 9 from pelvic fin to midlateral line, 12 around caudal peduncle (Ref. 113668). Total vertebrae 43; epineurals associated with vertebrae 1-9, vertebral centra 2-13 with pleural ribs directly attached, vertebrae 14-17 with pleural ribs displaced beneath haemal arches; caudal vertebrae 18-43; hypurals 1 & 2 unfused (Ref. 113668). Electric organ discharge (EOD) waveform is very short, about 0.55 millisecond total duration if measured from the onset of the first very weak head-negative phase (P0) and only 0.28 milliseconds if measured from the rising phase of the head-positive phase (P1) to the end of the large head negative phase (P2) using a 2% departure-from-baseline threshold; P1 is twice the duration and 85% of the amplitude of P2; both P1 and P2 rise and fall smoothly with no inflection points; in advance of P1 there is a weak head-negative phase (P0), only 0.2% of the peak-to-peak height of P1 and P2, difficult to see without additional amplification (Ref. 113668).

Colouration: In life, a light cinnamon brown along sides, darker along dorsum, reflective coppery pigment on lower half of head and along belly to anal fin, mouth and chin whitish; eye with golden iris, dark center; faint, diffuse broad band of pigment between dorsal and anal fin occupying 4-5 scales, darker above; numerous depigmented spots over electroreceptors conspicuous on snout, top of head, belly and upper back; fins with very lightly pigmented rays, interradial membranes hyaline (Ref. 113668). In preservation, light brown (Ref. 113668).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Cryptomyrus ogoouensis

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 45 - 45
Pored lateral line scales 43 - 43
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line 9 - 9
Scales around caudal peduncle 12 - 12
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 43 - 43


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 24 - 24
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 31 - 31

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   10 - 10
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  before origin of D1
Spines     0
Soft-rays   6 - 6
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Boden, Gert
Modified by Bailly, Nicolas
Comments & Corrections
Sign our Guest Book
Back to Search
cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17