Morphology Data of Cobitis leptosoma
Identification keys
Main Ref. Chen, Y., X. Sui, D. He and Y. Chen, 2015
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Cobitis leptosoma differs from other species of the Cobitis by the combination of the following characters: mental lobes undeveloped, with bluntly rounded tips; round subdorsal scales, with a slightly large focal area, and 19-25 radial grooves; males possess a long knifeshaped lamina circularis at the bases of the second pectoral-fin ray, and a sharp and nearly filamentous tip of the pectoral-fin ray; bicuspid suborbital spine, with a long processus latero-caudalis; four Gambetta pigment lines, L2 usually absent, L5 with 10-12 oval blotches; and a round or oblong spot smaller than or equal to the eye diameter on the upper part of the caudal peduncle (Ref. 118058).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Cobitis leptosoma

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 3 - 3
Soft-rays total 7 - 7
Adipose fin

Caudal fin

Attributes more or less truncate

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total 3 - 3
Soft-rays total 5 - 5

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   7 - 8
Pelvics Attributes  
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
Spines     1
Soft-rays   6 - 6
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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