Morphology Data of Characidium samurai
Identification keys
Abnormalities
Main Ref. Zanata, A.M. and P. Camelier, 2014
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors
Remarks

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior
Type of scales cycloid scales
Diagnosis

Characidium samurai is distinguished from all its congeners, except C. lanei Travassos, by having a dark lateral band along the head and body that is particularly broad (1.5 or 2 scales wide) from the rear of head to the end of the caudal peduncle and by the absence of dark bars or blotches on the ventral half of the body. It can be diagnosed from C. lanei by having the lateral band with straight borders overall (vs. lateral band with somewhat irregular borders due to blotches slightly extending dorsally or ventrally), anal fin ii,7-8 (vs. ii,6), 4 horizontal scale rows above the lateral line and 4 below (vs. 5/3), and lacking dark pigmentation around the insertion of the dorsal-fin rays (vs. presence). It further differs from congeners that occur in Brazilian rivers by having a complete lateral line, isthmus completely covered by scales, 14 scales around the caudal peduncle, and presence of adipose fin. It can be further distinguished from congeners by the absence of dark bars or spots on the fins, except for a faded dorsal-fin bar and anal-fin rays ii,7-8. It differs from congeners from northeastern Brazilian rivers by having the following characters: aperture of the pseudotympanum enclosed between ribs of the fifth and sixth vertebrae; presence of the parietal branch of the supraorbital canal; two series of teeth on the dentary; and 7-11 premaxillary teeth; 7-8 branched anal-fin rays; 34-37 lateral-line scales; one faded dark bar on the proximal half of the dorsal-fin rays; absence of a blotch on the caudal peduncle, or blotch merged to the longitudinal bar; and ii,7-8 anal-fin rays (Ref. 96872).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Characidium samurai

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales 34 - 37
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 4 - 4
Scale rows below lateral line 4 - 4
Scales around caudal peduncle 14 - 14
Barbels
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total
Vertebrae
preanal 18 - 19
total 34 - 35

Fins

Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Ventral  
Spines total
Soft-rays total 11 - 12
Adipose fin present

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 9 - 10

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     
Soft-rays   12 - 12
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
Spines     
Soft-rays   9 - 9
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17