Morphology Data of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense
Identification keys
Main Ref. Yano, K., A. Ahmad, A.C. Gambang, A.H. Idris, A.R. Solahuddin and Z. Aznan, 2005
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales placoid scales

This small-sized shark is distinguished by the following characters: adults with 2 distinct and wide brown saddle blotches before first dorsal fin while juveniles with 3; first saddle immediately behind eye, second over posterior 1/3 of base and inner margin of pectoral fin, the third a little before first dorsal fin, which fades with growth; dark lateral circular to oblong blotches above gill openings and on lateral side of trunk; young individuals with many polka dots on body and fins; anterior nasal flap triangular without an elongate flap (Ref. 98601).

Description: body comparatively slender with a short head; snout moderately flattened, short and broadly rounded; no labial furrows; small teeth in both jaws; an inflatable stomach for water or air; dorsal caudal fin without ridge of enlarged denticles; first dorsal fin origin about opposite origin of pelvic fin or anterior to it; distance between snout tip and first dorsal fin origin 44-48% of TL; from snout tip to pectoral fin origin < 20% of TL; mouth width 42-50% of HL; first dorsal fin larger than the second one; pectoral fins relatively large and broad. Field characters include, anterior nasal flaps not overlapping mouth posteriorly; adult color pattern of a few broad dark saddles on back and with vertical elongate dark blotch on center of body side between pectoral and pelvic fins, no white spots (Ref. 75538).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
Modified by Bailly, Nicolas
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