Morphology Data of Brycinus nurse
Identification keys
Main Ref. Paugy, D. and S.A. Schaefer, 2007
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs no special organs
Different appearance always different morphology between mature adults
Different colors
Remarks Sexual dimorphism on anal fin form of male adults (Ref. 2880, 80290, 81279).

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features none
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile more or less straight
Type of eyes more or less normal
Type of mouth/snout more or less normal
Position of mouth terminal
Type of scales cycloid scales

Diagnosis: multicuspid teeth set in two rows and not overlapping the jaws when the mouth is closed; teeth stout, not compressed; eyes with well-developed vertical adipose lids; slender body; head not flattened (Ref. 28714). Dorsal fin origin at about same level as pelvic fin insertion (Ref. 2880, 80290, 81279), about halfway between caudal fin and snout (Ref. 28714). Fronto-parietal fontanel absent in adults, sometimes pore-like in juveniles, disappearing with growth; sexual dimorphism affecting anal fin shape; 24-34 lateral line scales; 5.5 scales between lateral line and dorsal fin; 10-15 anal fin branched rays; 14-20 gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch; 8 teeth in outer premaxillary row (Ref. 2880, 80290, 81279). Snout short, more than 3x head length; head length/snout length 3.6-4.3; 10-11.5 predorsal scales; flanks without lateral band; adults medium-sized (Ref. 80290).

Description: anal fin with 3 branched and 10-15 unbranched rays; jaws equal; premaxilla with two tooth rows, each comprimising 8 teeth; in larger individuals, two teeth of anterior row become dislodged, thus forming ‘third’ row (Ref. 2880, 80290, 81279).

Coloration: humeral spot; precaudal black spot, extending unto median rays of caudal fin to margin of caudal fork; back greenish, sides silvery and belly white; unpaired fins vermillion-red; pectorals and ventral colorless or, at most, light orange; part above eye red (Ref. 2880, 80290, 81279).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Brycinus nurse

Lateral Lines 1 Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 24 - 34
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 5.5 - 5.5
Scale rows below lateral line 3.5 - 3.5
Scales around caudal peduncle
Barbels 0
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 14 - 20
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin present

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 13 - 18

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  beneath origin of D1
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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