Morphology Data of Brevitrygon heterura
Identification keys
Main Ref. Last, P.R., W.T. White, M.R. de Carvalho, B. Séret, M.F.W. Stehmann and G.J.P. Naylor, 2016
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section flattened
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished by the following characters: a very small whipray, oval disc, pointed snout, adults with broad almost rectangular denticle band, no enlarged mid-shoulder denticles, tail short (with bulbous tip in adult females) with median row of enlarged spearshaped thorns, skin folds on tail absent, and dorsal surface plain coloured; disc slightly longer than wide, length ca. 1–1.1 times DW, pectoral-fin apex is broadly rounded; snout rather long, broad, with apical lobe narrowly rounded, anterior margins moderately concave; eyes small, protruding slightly, orbit length and spiracle ca. 2.9–3.1 in snout length, the interorbital space rather broad, 1.2–2.1 times orbit length; mouth is moderately arched, 2-3 well-developed oral papillae (well separated),

lower jaw arched with central concavity; nasal curtain is skirtshaped, broad, posterior margin finely fringed; mid-shoulder denticle is weak, the denticle band expanded over abdomen in

adults, converging forward of orbits and tail, and constricted beside spiracles, skin is smooth outside denticle band; thorns in median row on tail 4-6 and enlarged with convex crowns; tail

short to moderately elongate, its length 1–1.7 times DW, depressed, stout at base but filamentous beyond caudal sting in young and adult males while bulbous with short filamentous tip in large females, with 1 or 2 caudal stings (Ref. 114953).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Brevitrygon heterura

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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