Morphology Data of Barbus karunensis
Identification keys
Main Ref. Khaefi, R., H.R. Esmaeili, M.F. Geiger and S. Eagderi, 2017
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Barbus karunensis is distinguished from other members of Barbus lacerta group by having a well-developed middle pad of the lower lip (vs. poorly developed or absent). It differs from B. cyri by having a thin upper lip (upper lip width 4-6 %HL vs. 7-9 % HL), and from B. lacerta by having a shorter anal fin; the tip of the anal fin is not reaching or reaching to about the middle of the distance between the base of the last anal-fin ray and the lower caudal-fin origin when pressed to the body (vs. reaching beyond middle, often to caudal-fin base); scale rows between the tip of the anal fin and the base of the caudal fin 5-9, mode 6 (vs. 0-3, mode 2). It can be differentiated from B. miliaris by having 59-66+2-4 (mode 61) scales in the lateral line (vs. 69-87+3-5); 26-29 (mode 26) circumpeduncular scales (vs. 28-35); maxillary barbels not reaching the middle of the eye (vs. reaching beyond), and a longer snout (eye diameter 2.7-3.5 times in snout length vs. 2.3-2.6 or eye diameter 27-35% snout length vs. 23-26%) (Ref. 115584).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Barbus karunensis

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 60 - 70
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 12 - 15
Scale rows below lateral line 9 - 11
Scales around caudal peduncle 26 - 29
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 8 - 11


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 12 - 12
Adipose fin present

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 8 - 9

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Soft-rays   15 - 17
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
Soft-rays   8 - 10
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17