Morphology Data of Acanthopagrus berda
Identification keys
Main Ref. Iwatsuki, Y. and P.C. Heemstra, 2010
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral short and / or deep
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished from all its congeners by the following characters: scale rows between fifth dorsal-fin spine base and lateral line 3.5; front edge of dorsal scaly area on head slightly convex, with small scales (fewer than 20) anteriorly; pored lateral-line scales 42-44; second anal-fin spine (2AS) longer than third anal-fin spine (3AS), 2AS/3AS ratio 1.23-1.50 (mean 1.36); strongly curved concavity on ventral edge of first two infraorbitals above rear end of maxilla, particularly obvious in specimens more than 13 cm SL; scales on preopercle flange absent; anal-fin membrane dark; molariform teeth strongly developed along both jaws, teeth rows strongly curved laterally at rear of lower jaw (Ref. 83673).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Acanthopagrus berda

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales 42 - 44
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 3.5 - 4
Scale rows below lateral line 11 - 12
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 8 - 12
on upper limb 5 - 7
total 13 - 17


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 11 - 12
Soft-rays total 10 - 12
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total 3 - 3
Soft-rays total 8 - 9

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   14 - 15
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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