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Fish Identification: Find Species


Family: Carapidae Pearlfishes



(See list of species below)



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37 species in
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Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 20.8 cm TL
Carapus acus (Brünnich, 1768)

Photo by Photo by Wirtz, P.
 
Carapus acus
[Pearl fish]



Western Atlantic
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Carapus bermudensis (Jones, 1874)

Photo by Photo by Flescher, D.
 
Carapus bermudensis
[Pearlfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 15 cm TL

 
Carapus dubius
[Pacific pearlfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 17 cm TL
Carapus mourlani (Petit, 1934)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Carapus mourlani
[Star pearlfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 10 cm TL

 
Carapus sluiteri
[Sluiter's pearlfish]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 17.2 cm TL
Echiodon anchipterus Williams, 1984

Photo by Photo by Tibbatts, B.
 
Echiodon anchipterus
[Closefin pearlfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 17.6 cm SL

 
Echiodon atopus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 14.3 cm TL

 
Echiodon coheni
[]



Widely distributed in the
Max. Length 41 cm TL
Echiodon cryomargarites Markle, Williams & Olney, 1983

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Echiodon cryomargarites
[Messmate]



Western Central Atlantic
Max. Length 11.2 cm TL
Echiodon dawsoni Williams & Shipp, 1982

Photo by Photo by Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Canada
 
Echiodon dawsoni
[Chain pearlfish]



North to Central Eastern
Max. Length 17 cm TL
Echiodon dentatus (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Photo by Lloris, D.
 
Echiodon dentatus
[]



Northeast Atlantic
Max. Length 30 cm TL
Echiodon drummondii Thompson, 1837

Photo by Photo by Parmentier, E.
 
Echiodon drummondii
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 12.6 cm TL

 
Echiodon exsilium
[Nocturnal pearlfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 23.5 cm TL

 
Echiodon neotes
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 20 cm TL

 
Echiodon pegasus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 16.5 cm TL

 
Echiodon prionodon
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 23.2 cm TL

 
Echiodon pukaki
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 12 cm TL

 
Echiodon rendahli
[Messmate fish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 30 cm TL
Encheliophis boraborensis (Kaup, 1856)

Photo by Photo by Rives, C./Parmentier, E.
 
Encheliophis boraborensis
[Pinhead pearlfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.2 cm SL

 
Encheliophis chardewalli
[]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 30 cm SL
Encheliophis gracilis (Bleeker, 1856)

Photo by Photo by Parmentier, E.
 
Encheliophis gracilis
[Graceful pearlfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 19 cm TL
Encheliophis homei (Richardson, 1846)

Photo by Photo by Tonozuka, T.
 
Encheliophis homei
[Silver pearlfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 20 cm TL

 
Encheliophis sagamianus
[]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 13 cm TL
Encheliophis vermicularis Müller, 1842

Photo by Photo by Murdy, E.O./Ferraris, C.J., Jr.
 
Encheliophis vermicularis
[Worm pearlfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 14 cm TL

 
Encheliophis vermiops
[Pygmy pearlfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 21.5 cm TL

 
Eurypleuron cinereum
[]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 23.6 cm TL
Eurypleuron owasianum (Matsubara, 1953)

Photo by Photo by SFSA
 
Eurypleuron owasianum
[Eel pearlfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 10.8 cm TL

 
Onuxodon albometeori
[White pearlfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Onuxodon fowleri (Smith, 1955)

Photo by Photo by Steene, R.
 
Onuxodon fowleri
[Fowler's pearlfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 10 cm TL

 
Onuxodon margaritiferae
[Bivalve pearlfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Onuxodon parvibrachium (Fowler, 1927)

Photo by Photo by SFSA
 
Onuxodon parvibrachium
[Oyster pearlfish]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 36 cm TL
Pyramodon lindas Markle & Olney, 1990

Photo by Photo by Parmentier, E.
 
Pyramodon lindas
[Blackedge pearlfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 30.5 cm TL

 
Pyramodon parini
[]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 29 cm TL
Pyramodon punctatus (Regan, 1914)

Photo by Photo by Parmentier, E.
 
Pyramodon punctatus
[Dogtooth pearlfish]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 18.1 cm TL
Pyramodon ventralis Smith & Radcliffe, 1913

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pyramodon ventralis
[Pallid pearlfish]



Circumtropical excluding
Max. Length 26.8 cm TL
Snyderidia canina Gilbert, 1905

Photo by Photo by JAMARC
 
Snyderidia canina
[]
No picture found


 
Tetragondacnus spilotus
[]



37 species

Sort by: Species Length Year
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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Carapus acus Pearl fish Eastern Atlantic 20.8 TL 1768
Carapus bermudensis Pearlfish Western Atlantic 20 TL 1874
Carapus dubius Pacific pearlfish Eastern Pacific 15 TL 1874
Carapus mourlani Star pearlfish Indo-Pacific 17 TL 1934
Carapus sluiteri Sluiter's pearlfish Western Central Pacific 10 TL 1905
Echiodon anchipterus Closefin pearlfish Northwest Pacific 17.2 TL 1984
Echiodon atopus Southeastern Atlantic 17.6 SL 2005
Echiodon coheni Western Indian Ocean. We 14.3 TL 1984
Echiodon cryomargarites Messmate Widely distributed in the 41 TL 1983
Echiodon dawsoni Chain pearlfish Western Central Atlantic 11.2 TL 1982
Echiodon dentatus North to Central Eastern 17 TL 1829
Echiodon drummondii Northeast Atlantic 30 TL 1837
Echiodon exsilium Nocturnal pearlfish Eastern Pacific 12.6 TL 1961
Echiodon neotes Southwest Pacific 23.5 TL 1990
Echiodon pegasus Southwest Pacific 20 TL 1990
Echiodon prionodon Southwestern Pacific 16.5 TL 2012
Echiodon pukaki Southwest Pacific 23.2 TL 1990
Echiodon rendahli Messmate fish Southwest Pacific 12 TL 1941
Encheliophis boraborensis Pinhead pearlfish Indo-Pacific 30 TL 1856
Encheliophis chardewalli Eastern Central Pacific 7.2 SL 2004
Encheliophis gracilis Graceful pearlfish Indo-West Pacific 30 SL 1856
Encheliophis homei Silver pearlfish Indo-Pacific 19 TL 1846
Encheliophis sagamianus Northwest Pacific 20 TL 1908
Encheliophis vermicularis Worm pearlfish Indo-Pacific 13 TL 1842
Encheliophis vermiops Pygmy pearlfish Indo-West Pacific 14 TL 1990
Eurypleuron cinereum Southern Indian and Pacif 21.5 TL 1955
Eurypleuron owasianum Eel pearlfish Northwest Pacific 23.6 TL 1953
Onuxodon albometeori White pearlfish Northwest Pacific 10.8 TL 2019
Onuxodon fowleri Fowler's pearlfish Indo-Pacific 10 TL 1955
Onuxodon margaritiferae Bivalve pearlfish Eastern Indian Ocean 10 TL 1921
Onuxodon parvibrachium Oyster pearlfish Indo-Pacific 10 TL 1927
Pyramodon lindas Blackedge pearlfish Western Pacific 36 TL 1990
Pyramodon parini Southeast Pacific 30.5 TL 1990
Pyramodon punctatus Dogtooth pearlfish Indo-West Pacific 29 TL 1914
Pyramodon ventralis Pallid pearlfish Indo-West Pacific 18.1 TL 1913
Snyderidia canina Circumtropical excluding 26.8 TL 1905
Tetragondacnus spilotus Western Central Pacific 2007



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cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013