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Fish Identification: Find Species

Class: Teleostei
Order: Atheriniformes
Family: Melanotaeniidae Rainbowfishes, blue eyes

Genus: Melanotaenia

(See list of species below)



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87 species
(see list below)
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Photo by AquaNet

Asia and Oceania
Max. Length 11.5 cm SL
Melanotaenia affinis (Weber, 1907)

Photo by Photo by AquaNet
 
Melanotaenia affinis
[North New Guinea rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 9.7 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia ajamaruensis
[Ajamaru lakes rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 9.1 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia albimarginata
[Whitetip rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 10.2 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia ammeri
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 12 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia angfa
[Yakati rainbowfish]

Photo by JJPhoto

Asia
Max. Length 8 cm SL
Melanotaenia arfakensis Allen, 1990

Photo by Photo by JJPhoto
 
Melanotaenia arfakensis
[Arfak rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.3 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia arguni
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.6 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia aruensis
[Aru rainbowfish]

Photo by Greco, F.M.

Oceania
Max. Length 11 cm SL
Melanotaenia australis (Castelnau, 1875)

Photo by Photo by Greco, F.M.
 
Melanotaenia australis
[Western rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 11.0 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia batanta
[Batanta rainbowfish]

Photo by Muséum-Aquarium de Nancy/D. Terver

Asia
Max. Length 9 cm SL
Melanotaenia boesemani Allen & Cross, 1980

Photo by Photo by Muséum-Aquarium de Nancy/D. Terver
 
Melanotaenia boesemani
[Boeseman's rainbowfish]
No picture found


 
Melanotaenia bowmani
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 6.2 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia caerulea
[Blue rainbowfish]

Photo by Judy, T.

Asia
Max. Length 7.5 cm SL
Melanotaenia catherinae (de Beaufort, 1910)

Photo by Photo by Judy, T.
 
Melanotaenia catherinae
[Waigeo rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 10 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia corona
[Corona rainbowfish]

Photo by Muséum-Aquarium de Nancy/D. Terver

Oceania
Max. Length 11 cm SL
Melanotaenia duboulayi (Castelnau, 1878)

Photo by Photo by Muséum-Aquarium de Nancy/D. Terver
 
Melanotaenia duboulayi
[Crimsonspotted rainbowfish]

Photo by Aland, G.

Oceania
Max. Length 6.5 cm SL
Melanotaenia eachamensis Allen & Cross, 1982

Photo by Photo by Aland, G.
 
Melanotaenia eachamensis
[Lake Eacham rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 5.2 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia ericrobertsi
[Susvva rainbovvfish]
No picture found


 
Melanotaenia etnaensis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.5 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia exquisita
[Exquisite rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 12.0 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia fasinensis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.7 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia flavipinnis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 11 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia fluviatilis
[Murray River rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 9 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia fredericki
[Sorong rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.8 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia garylangei
[]

Photo by Judy, T.

Asia and Oceania
Max. Length 11.5 cm SL
Melanotaenia goldiei (Macleay, 1883)

Photo by Photo by Judy, T.
 
Melanotaenia goldiei
[Goldie River rainbowfish]

Photo by JJPhoto

Oceania
Max. Length 7.5 cm SL
Melanotaenia gracilis Allen, 1978

Photo by Photo by JJPhoto
 
Melanotaenia gracilis
[Slender rainbowfish]
No picture found


 
Melanotaenia grunwaldi
[]

Photo by Macaraig, J.M.

Oceania
Max. Length 9 cm SL
Melanotaenia herbertaxelrodi Allen, 1981

Photo by Photo by Macaraig, J.M.
 
Melanotaenia herbertaxelrodi
[Lake Tebera rainbowfish]

Photo by JJPhoto

Asia
Max. Length 8.5 cm SL
Melanotaenia irianjaya Allen, 1985

Photo by Photo by JJPhoto
 
Melanotaenia irianjaya
[Irian Jaya rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 10 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia iris
[Strickland rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.7 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia japenensis
[Yapen rainbowfish]

Photo by JJPhoto

Asia
Max. Length 6.1 cm SL
Melanotaenia kamaka Allen & Renyaan, 1996

Photo by Photo by JJPhoto
 
Melanotaenia kamaka
[Kamaka rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 9.2 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia klasioensis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 6.9 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia kokasensis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.9 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia kolaensis
[Kola rainbowfish]
No picture found


 
Melanotaenia lacunosa
[]

Photo by Muséum-Aquarium de Nancy/D. Terver

Oceania
Max. Length 10 cm SL
Melanotaenia lacustris Munro, 1964

Photo by Photo by Muséum-Aquarium de Nancy/D. Terver
 
Melanotaenia lacustris
[Lake Kutubu rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 5.5 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia lakamora
[Lakamora rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.0 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia laticlavia
[Aifuf rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 8.7 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia longispina
[]

Photo by JJPhoto

Oceania
Max. Length 7 cm SL
Melanotaenia maccullochi Ogilby, 1915

Photo by Photo by JJPhoto
 
Melanotaenia maccullochi
[Macculloch's rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 5.4 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia mairasi
[Lake Furnusu rainbowfish]
No picture found


 
Melanotaenia mamahensis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 10.7 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia manibuii
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 9 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia maylandi
[Mayland's rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.7 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia misoolensis
[Misool rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 8 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia monticola
[Mountain rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 9.3 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia mubiensis
[Mubi rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 12.3 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia multiradiata
[Moswaren rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 9.9 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia naramasae
[]

Photo by Baesler, S.

Oceania
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Melanotaenia nigrans (Richardson, 1843)

Photo by Photo by Baesler, S.
 
Melanotaenia nigrans
[Blackbanded rainbowfish]

Photo by JJPhoto

Asia
Max. Length 7 cm SL
Melanotaenia ogilbyi Weber, 1910

Photo by Photo by JJPhoto
 
Melanotaenia ogilbyi
[Ogilby's rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 10 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia oktediensis
[Oktedi rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 6.5 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia papuae
[Papuan rainbowfish]

Photo by Aland, G.

Oceania
Max. Length 11 cm SL
Melanotaenia parkinsoni Allen, 1980

Photo by Photo by Aland, G.
 
Melanotaenia parkinsoni
[Parkinson's rainbowfish]

Photo by Germeau, G./ Doumont, Y.

Asia
Max. Length 6.7 cm SL
Melanotaenia parva Allen, 1990

Photo by Photo by Germeau, G./ Doumont, Y.
 
Melanotaenia parva
[Lake Kuromai rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 8.8 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia patoti
[Patoti’s rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 9.3 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia picta
[Painted rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 5.9 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia pierucciae
[Pierucci's rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 10 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia pimaensis
[Pima River rainbowfish]

Photo by Muséum-Aquarium de Nancy/B. Alenda

Asia
Max. Length 5 cm SL
Melanotaenia praecox (Weber & de Beaufort, 1922)

Photo by Photo by Muséum-Aquarium de Nancy/B. Alenda
 
Melanotaenia praecox
[Dwarf rainbowfish]

Photo by JJPhoto

Oceania
Max. Length 5.5 cm SL
Melanotaenia pygmaea Allen, 1978

Photo by Photo by JJPhoto
 
Melanotaenia pygmaea
[Pygmy rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 10.2 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia rubripinnis
[Red-finned rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 4.9 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia rubrivittata
[]

Photo by JJPhoto

Asia and Oceania
Max. Length 12.5 cm SL
Melanotaenia rubrostriata (Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886)

Photo by Photo by JJPhoto
 
Melanotaenia rubrostriata
[Red-striped rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 7 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia rumberponensis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 4.8 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia sahulensis
[Sahul rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 9.2 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia salawati
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 10.2 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia sembrae
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 6.8 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia senckenbergiana
[Senckenberg rainbowfish]

Photo by Judy, T.

Oceania
Max. Length 7.3 cm SL
Melanotaenia sexlineata (Munro, 1964)

Photo by Photo by Judy, T.
 
Melanotaenia sexlineata
[Fly River rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 9.1 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia sikuensis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 8.0 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia sneideri
[Kumawa rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 12 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia solata
[Northern Rainbowfish]

Photo by Prins, E.

Oceania
Max. Length 20 cm SL
Melanotaenia splendida (Peters, 1866)

Photo by Photo by Prins, E.
 
Melanotaenia splendida
[Eastern rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 12.3 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia susii
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 5.5 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia sylvatica
[]

Photo by Giles, L.

Asia
Max. Length 6.7 cm SL
Melanotaenia synergos Allen & Unmack, 2008

Photo by Photo by Giles, L.
 
Melanotaenia synergos
[]

Photo by Muséum-Aquarium de Nancy/D. Terver

Oceania
Max. Length 13 cm SL
Melanotaenia trifasciata (Rendahl, 1922)

Photo by Photo by Muséum-Aquarium de Nancy/D. Terver
 
Melanotaenia trifasciata
[Banded rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 8.8 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia urisa
[]

Photo by JJPhoto

Oceania
Max. Length 4.6 cm SL
Melanotaenia utcheensis McGuigan, 2001

Photo by Photo by JJPhoto
 
Melanotaenia utcheensis
[Utchee rainbowfish]

Photo by Germeau, G.

Asia
Max. Length 16 cm SL
Melanotaenia vanheurni (Weber & de Beaufort, 1922)

Photo by Photo by Germeau, G.
 
Melanotaenia vanheurni
[Van Heurn's rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 9.2 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia veoliae
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.3 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia wanoma
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 3.3 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia wilsoni
[Little rainbowfish]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.6 cm SL

 
Melanotaenia wokamensis
[Wokam rainbowfish]


Sort by: Species Length Year
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n = 87

Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Melanotaenia affinis North New Guinea rainbowfish Asia and Oceania 11.5 SL 1907
Melanotaenia ajamaruensis Ajamaru lakes rainbowfish Asia 9.7 SL 1980
Melanotaenia albimarginata Whitetip rainbowfish Asia 9.1 SL 2015
Melanotaenia ammeri Asia 10.2 SL 2008
Melanotaenia angfa Yakati rainbowfish Asia 12 SL 1990
Melanotaenia arfakensis Arfak rainbowfish Asia 8 SL 1990
Melanotaenia arguni Asia 7.3 SL 2012
Melanotaenia aruensis Aru rainbowfish Asia 7.6 SL 2015
Melanotaenia australis Western rainbowfish Oceania 11 SL 1875
Melanotaenia batanta Batanta rainbowfish Asia 11.0 SL 1998
Melanotaenia boesemani Boeseman's rainbowfish Asia 9 SL 1980
Melanotaenia bowmani Asia 2016
Melanotaenia caerulea Blue rainbowfish Oceania 6.2 SL 1996
Melanotaenia catherinae Waigeo rainbowfish Asia 7.5 SL 1910
Melanotaenia corona Corona rainbowfish Asia 10 SL 1982
Melanotaenia duboulayi Crimsonspotted rainbowfish Oceania 11 SL 1878
Melanotaenia eachamensis Lake Eacham rainbowfish Oceania 6.5 SL 1982
Melanotaenia ericrobertsi Susvva rainbovvfish Asia 5.2 SL 2014
Melanotaenia etnaensis Asia 2016
Melanotaenia exquisita Exquisite rainbowfish Oceania 7.5 SL 1978
Melanotaenia fasinensis Asia 12.0 SL 2010
Melanotaenia flavipinnis Asia 7.7 SL 2014
Melanotaenia fluviatilis Murray River rainbowfish Oceania 11 SL 1878
Melanotaenia fredericki Sorong rainbowfish Asia 9 SL 1939
Melanotaenia garylangei Asia 7.8 SL 2015
Melanotaenia goldiei Goldie River rainbowfish Asia and Oceania 11.5 SL 1883
Melanotaenia gracilis Slender rainbowfish Oceania 7.5 SL 1978
Melanotaenia grunwaldi Asia 2016
Melanotaenia herbertaxelrodi Lake Tebera rainbowfish Oceania 9 SL 1981
Melanotaenia irianjaya Irian Jaya rainbowfish Asia 8.5 SL 1985
Melanotaenia iris Strickland rainbowfish Oceania 10 SL 1987
Melanotaenia japenensis Yapen rainbowfish Asia 7.7 SL 1980
Melanotaenia kamaka Kamaka rainbowfish Asia 6.1 SL 1996
Melanotaenia klasioensis Asia 9.2 SL 2015
Melanotaenia kokasensis Asia 6.9 SL 2008
Melanotaenia kolaensis Kola rainbowfish Asia 7.9 SL 2015
Melanotaenia lacunosa Asia 2016
Melanotaenia lacustris Lake Kutubu rainbowfish Oceania 10 SL 1964
Melanotaenia lakamora Lakamora rainbowfish Asia 5.5 SL 1996
Melanotaenia laticlavia Aifuf rainbowfish Asia 7.0 SL 2014
Melanotaenia longispina Asia 8.7 SL 2015
Melanotaenia maccullochi Macculloch's rainbowfish Oceania 7 SL 1915
Melanotaenia mairasi Lake Furnusu rainbowfish Asia 5.4 SL 2011
Melanotaenia mamahensis Asia 2016
Melanotaenia manibuii Asia 10.7 SL 2015
Melanotaenia maylandi Mayland's rainbowfish Asia 9 SL 1983
Melanotaenia misoolensis Misool rainbowfish Asia 7.7 SL 1982
Melanotaenia monticola Mountain rainbowfish Oceania 8 SL 1980
Melanotaenia mubiensis Mubi rainbowfish Oceania 9.3 SL 1996
Melanotaenia multiradiata Moswaren rainbowfish Asia 12.3 SL 2014
Melanotaenia naramasae Asia 9.9 SL 2015
Melanotaenia nigrans Blackbanded rainbowfish Oceania 10 TL 1843
Melanotaenia ogilbyi Ogilby's rainbowfish Asia 7 SL 1910
Melanotaenia oktediensis Oktedi rainbowfish Oceania 10 SL 1980
Melanotaenia papuae Papuan rainbowfish Oceania 6.5 SL 1981
Melanotaenia parkinsoni Parkinson's rainbowfish Oceania 11 SL 1980
Melanotaenia parva Lake Kuromai rainbowfish Asia 6.7 SL 1990
Melanotaenia patoti Patoti’s rainbowfish Asia 8.8 SL 1907
Melanotaenia picta Painted rainbowfish Asia 9.3 SL 2015
Melanotaenia pierucciae Pierucci's rainbowfish Asia 5.9 SL 1996
Melanotaenia pimaensis Pima River rainbowfish Oceania 10 SL 1981
Melanotaenia praecox Dwarf rainbowfish Asia 5 SL 1922
Melanotaenia pygmaea Pygmy rainbowfish Oceania 5.5 SL 1978
Melanotaenia rubripinnis Red-finned rainbowfish Asia 10.2 SL 1998
Melanotaenia rubrivittata Asia 4.9 SL 2015
Melanotaenia rubrostriata Red-striped rainbowfish Asia and Oceania 12.5 SL 1886
Melanotaenia rumberponensis Asia 7 SL 2015
Melanotaenia sahulensis Sahul rainbowfish Oceania 4.8 SL 2019
Melanotaenia salawati Asia 9.2 SL 2011
Melanotaenia sembrae Asia 10.2 SL 2015
Melanotaenia senckenbergiana Senckenberg rainbowfish Asia 6.8 SL 1911
Melanotaenia sexlineata Fly River rainbowfish Oceania 7.3 SL 1964
Melanotaenia sikuensis Asia 9.1 SL 2015
Melanotaenia sneideri Kumawa rainbowfish Asia 8.0 SL 2013
Melanotaenia solata Northern Rainbowfish Oceania 12 SL 1964
Melanotaenia splendida Eastern rainbowfish Oceania 20 SL 1866
Melanotaenia susii Asia 12.3 SL 2015
Melanotaenia sylvatica Oceania 5.5 SL 1997
Melanotaenia synergos Asia 6.7 SL 2008
Melanotaenia trifasciata Banded rainbowfish Oceania 13 SL 1922
Melanotaenia urisa Asia 8.8 SL 2012
Melanotaenia utcheensis Utchee rainbowfish Oceania 4.6 SL 2001
Melanotaenia vanheurni Van Heurn's rainbowfish Asia 16 SL 1922
Melanotaenia veoliae Asia 9.2 SL 2012
Melanotaenia wanoma Asia 7.3 SL 2012
Melanotaenia wilsoni Little rainbowfish Oceania 3.3 SL 2019
Melanotaenia wokamensis Wokam rainbowfish Asia 7.6 SL 2015



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