Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål, 1775)
Daggertooth pike conger
Daggertooth pike conger,  Ubod,  Banusak,  Bayangitan,  Egat,  Endong,  Indong,  Kurarato,  Kuraratu,  Langing,  Obod,  Oldok,  Panapa,  Pindanga,  Tawtih,  Toga,  Ubod,  Ugbot
Muraenesox cinereus
photo by Khalaf, M.A.

Family:  Muraenesocidae (Pike congers)
Max. size:  220 cm TL (male/unsexed); max. reported age: 15 years
Environment:  demersal; freshwater; brackish; marine; depth range - 800 m, oceanodromous
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Persian Gulf, west coast of India, and Sri Lanka to Fiji and Tuvalu (Ref. 12596), north to Japan and Korea, south to the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819) and northern Australia. Migrated to the Mediterranean via the Suez Canal (Ref. 6724).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Vertebrae: 145-159. Snout long; eye diameter 2-2.5 times in snout length; posterior nostrils much closer to eyes than to anterior nostrils; mouth very large; teeth generally large and conspicuous (Ref. 4832). Head broader, interorbital about 8 times in head; lateral-line pores before anus 44-47; dorsal-fin rays before anus 66-78; vertebrae 145-159 (Ref. 9830).
Biology:  Occurs from the littoral zone to the upper bathy-benthic region (Ref. 9942, 11230). Inhabits soft bottoms (Ref. 11230), also found in estuaries. Sometimes enters freshwater environment (Ref. 9987). Feeds on small bottom fishes and crustaceans. Captured and cultured for fishery in Japan. Marketed mainly fresh (Ref. 7238). Also used as bait for shark fishing (Ref. 2872). Also caught by bag (dol) nets. Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 13 November 2019 Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Reported from Manila Bay; Cagayan; Currimao, Ilocos Norte; Alaminos and Agno River, Pangasinan; Bancal R., near Iba, Zambales; San Miguel Bay; Camarines Sur; Tacloban, Leyte; Iloilo, Panay; Dumaguete, Negros Oriental (Ref. 280). Samar Sea (Ref. 68348).

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