Loxodon macrorhinus Müller & Henle, 1839
Sliteye shark
Loxodon macrorhinus
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Carcharhinidae (Requiem sharks)
Max. size:  98 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; marine; depth range 7 - 100 m
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Indonesia, north to Japan, south to Australia.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 0-0. A small, very slim shark with a long, narrow snout, big eyes with rear notches, short labial furrows, and small, oblique-cusped teeth with smooth edges; 2nd dorsal fin small, low and behind larger anal fin; interdorsal ridge rudimentary or absent (Ref. 5578). Grey above, pale below, fins with pale edges (transparent in life), caudal and first dorsal fins with narrow dark margin, first dorsal fin also with a dusky tip (Ref. 9997).
Biology:  Found on continental and insular shelves; mainly near the bottom (Ref. 6871). Feeds on small bony fishes, shrimps and cuttlefish (Ref. 244). Viviparous (Ref. 50449); gives birth annually to litters of 2-4 pups (Ref.58048). Caught in artisanal and small scale commercial fisheries (Ref. 9997). Utilized fresh for human consumption (Ref. 244); meat and fins, but of limited value due to its small size (Ref.58048).
IUCN Red List Status: Near Threatened (NT); Date assessed: 19 March 2021 (A2d) Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Recorded from Dumaguete, Negros Island; Pasil Fish Port, Cebu City; Malabuhan, Siaton; Palapala fish port, Cadiz City (Ref. 47737). Also Ref. 244, 280, 6796, 26842, 47930, 110893. Occurrence: Manila Bay; Malampaya Sound, Palawan; Dumaguete and Malabuhan, Siaton in Negros Oriental; Palapala fish port, Cadiz City in Negros Occidental; Pasil Fish Port I., Cebu City, in the Visayan Sea.

Source and more info: www.fishbase.org. For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.